Welcome, visitor! [ Register | Login

Europe is going to develop vaccine against canine leishmaniasis

Blog September 5, 2012

canine leishmania patient

Canine leishmania patient

Canine leishmaniasis is a serious parasitic disease that can be fatal and is caused by the Leishmania parasite infection. The parasite is transmitted to dogs by infected insect bites about, sandflies, mosquitoes often misnamed.

Its symptoms include fever, hair loss (especially around the eyes), weight loss, skin ulcers and abnormal growth of nails. Dogs can also suffer from anemia, arthritis and renal dysfunction that can cause death. The expensive current treatments only help control the symptoms but not cure the disease, unfortunately.

It is estimated that there are 2.5 million infected dogs in southwest of Europe. The regions and countries of the Mediterranean basin represent a high risk to dogs and why they all should be vaccinated.

Currently, the disease is spreading from southern Europe to the north as a result of climate change and the increasing number of people traveling with their dogs.

During the winter and cold temperatures sandflies remain in a state of larvae and are harmless. Danger season begins with the heat, usually from May, and ends with the arrival of the cold.

Canine leishmaniasis is a real threat to all dog breeds, though some, like the Boxers, Cocker Spaniels, Rottweilers and German Shepherd dogs are more likely than average to develop symptoms. Other breeds, like the Ibizan Hound, rarely develop clinical signs.

The risk of infection depends on exposure to infected sandflies bites. Despite the availability of repellent sprays, pipettes and collars, canine leishmaniasis is still a major threat in Europe. Some infected dogs can eliminate the infection and remain infected without developing symptoms. Dogs without symptoms can easily transmit the infection to other dogs.

The first vaccine against canine leishmaniasis Europe

In the context of the extremely variable nature of canine leishmaniasis, it is very important to minimize the number of animals with asymptomatic infection. These dogs which are not showing the disease, out of concern unless the owner is aware of it, but they are infectious to the sandfly and, therefore, they continue to contribute significantly to the spread of the disease. In these cases the animals are also at risk of progressing to a symptomatic stage more serious.

Company called “Virbac” after 20 years of research, launches the first and only vaccine in Europe that prevents canine leishmaniasis. The vaccine can be given to puppies starting from six months: the full vaccination program consists of three doses administered at intervals of three weeks and provides a prolonged internal defense against disease. Only need annual boosters to maintain protective immunity of the dog.

Leishmania can parasites on

Canine leishmaniasis is a disease caused by Leishmania parasites that can infect various vertebrate animals (e.g dogs) and humans. It is transmitted by the bite of a tiny insect (the sandfly or “sand flies”) infection, often incorrectly called “mosquito”. The dog is the main reservoir in Europe, but the infection can be transmitted between species. This is a serious veterinary problem and is also of concern to public health.



2174 total views, 1 today


Sponsored Links

  • Feline Hyperesthesia syndrome

    by on July 15, 2015 - 0 Comments

    Feline Hyperesthesia syndrome(feline psychogenic alopecia )  aggression manifests itself spontaneously. Cats with such syndrome are extremely sensitive when touched along the spine. To avoid this bad habit, it is very important that the cat is not stressed. “Hyperesthesia” means “abnormally increased sensitivity of the skin.” It may begin with signs typical of feline psychogenic alopecia […]

  • Puppy Love at First Sight

    by on July 6, 2012 - 0 Comments

    For Christmas, I sort of tricked my husband into getting a new puppy. I insisted that our 9-year-old dog, Allie, needed a pal. Shortly before the holiday, he said you never tell me what you want for Christmas. The lights started flashing in my head and I said, “I want another DOG!” What could he say, really?

  • Keep Your Dog “BUSY”

    by on March 1, 2012 - 0 Comments

    The Busy Buddy Dog Bone is a real “LIKE” by many of the Drs. Foster & Smith employee-owned dogs! It’s a treat holding nylon bone toy that is a real dog boredom-buster and it helps promote dental health. The bristle style bone features soft rubber nub rings, Gnawhide treats, plus stiff, tooth-cleaning nylon bristles to […]

  • Purina Pro Plan Cat Food 3kg - From Only £15.19 & FD Over £29!

    by on September 30, 2012 - 0 Comments

    PRO PLAN FOR YOUR CAT PRO PLAN is highly scientific food that has been carefully formulated using superior ingredients to help your cat live a long and healthy life. Developed by expert veterinarians and nutritionists, our complete and balanced formulas provide everything your cat needs for optimum growth and maintenance. Nature gave cats four key […]

  • Akita Inu

    by on November 19, 2011 - 0 Comments

    Origin: Japan Height: 23.79 – 27.69 inches (61.0 – 71.0 cm) Weight: 74.8 – 110.0 pounds (34.0 – 50.0 kg) Breed history: This breed was created in the XVII-th century for hunting bears in the Akita region in the North-East of Japan. These dogs are considered the national symbol of Japan. They had many uses: […]